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Index

Dye Sublimation

Melinda Byam

A printing process used on synthetic fibers that involves inks that are pigments suspended in a liquid solvent that are printed on a heat-resistant transfer paper as a reverse image. This paper is then applied to the fabric or the garment and transferred to the fabric/garment in a heat press operating (high temperature and pressure). The heat and pressure turn the ink into a gas, permeates the fabric and then re-solidifies, leaving a permanently dyed fabric/garment. Advantages included- the permanence of the dyes, do not peel or fade; no dye built up on fabric; brilliance of colors; ability to achieve photographic images, ability to print all over fabric/garment, from edge to edge. Some of the disadvantages include the slow speed of the printer and the creases created when fabric/garment is not laid completely flat. Also referred to as sublimation print

Duck

Melinda Byam

Medium or heavy weight, plain weave, durable cotton/cotton-blend fabric. Slightly lighter than canvas, but heavier than sailcloth. Used for apparel and industrial purposes.

Drill

Melinda Byam

Medium-weight, durable fabric with a twill weave. Similar to denim. Called Khaki when dyed that particular color. – pockets, pants, work clothes, sneakers

Dotted Swiss

Melinda Byam

Lightweight, sheer fine-yarn fabric with small dotted areas that have been either woven (clip-dot) or flocked (glued) to achieve the dot effect. – Women/Girls apparel, curtains

Dimity

Melinda Byam

Lightweight, sheer, cotton/cotton-blend fabric with length-wise cords formed by grouping several warp yarns together (rib weave) alternated with plain weave.-Curtains and Dresses

Denim

Melinda Byam

Twill weave cotton/ cotton blend fabric. Warp is colored, filling is white or Gray. Traditionally medium weight, but can also be found in lighter or heavier weights. Can also be found as a plain weave. . –slacks, work-clothes

Damask

Melinda Byam

Heavy, bright, fine-yarn fabric with reverse jacquard design on both sides. Flatter than brocade. – Draperies and tablecloths

Glitter

Melinda Byam

Metallic flakes are suspended in the ink base to create this sparkle effect. Usually available in gold or silver but can be mixed to make most colors. Usually measured in millimeters for the larger sizes or macrons for the smaller.

CMYK Printing

Melinda Byam

Artwork is created and then separated into four colors (CMYK) which combine to create the full spectrum of colors needed for photographic prints. This means a large number of colors can be achieved using only 4 screens, reducing costs, time and set-up. The inks are required to blend and are more translucent, meaning a compromise with vibrancy of color.

Four Color Processing

Melinda Byam

Artwork is created and then separated into four colors (CMYK) which combine to create the full spectrum of colors needed for photographic prints. This means a large number of colors can be achieved using only 4 screens, reducing costs, time and set-up. The inks are required to blend and are more translucent, meaning a compromise with vibrancy of color.

Discharge Ink

Melinda Byam

An ink used to print lighter colors on a fabric with a darker ground. The inks work by removing the dye in the garment, also creating a much softer texture. They are less graphic in nature than plastisol inks, and exact colors are difficult to control. Discharge Inks are especially good for distressed prints and and underbiasing on dark garments that are to be printed with additional layers of plastisol.